Cells 2007

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____          1.      A group of organs working together to perform a certain function is a(n) ____.

a.

organ system

c.

organ

b.

tissue

d.

organism

 

 

____          2.      Usually, the largest organelle in a cell is the ____.

a.

chromatin

c.

vacuole

b.

nucleus

d.

lysosome

 

 

____          3.      Plant cells that are long and hollow transport ____ and water throughout the plant.

a.

oxygen

c.

blood

b.

chlorophyll

d.

food

 

 

____          4.      Which of these have prokaryotic cells?

a.

snails

c.

bacteria

b.

frogs

d.

food

 

 

____          5.      Things too small to be seen with other microscopes may be viewed with a(n) ____.

a.

compound light microscope

c.

electron microscope

b.

brightfield microscope

d.

simple microscope

 

 

____          6.      Groups of similar cells that do the same sort of work are ____.

a.

organs

c.

tissues

b.

organ systems

d.

organelles

 

 

____          7.      Materials enter and leave the nucleus through openings in its ____.

a.

organelles

c.

membrane

b.

DNA

d.

chromatin

 

 

____          8.      Vaccines are available for all of the following viral diseases EXCEPT ____.

a.

chicken pox

c.

polio

b.

common cold

d.

smallpox

 

 

____          9.      What do we call the geletin like substance that fill up cells?

a.

sweat

c.

cytoplasm

b.

blood

d.

water

 

 

____          10.      What directs the cell’s operations?

a.

mitochondrion

c.

cell wall

b.

Nucleus

d.

endoplasmic reticulum

 

 

____          11.      This is the powerhouse of the cell:

a.

mitochondrion

c.

cell wall

b.

Nucleus

d.

endoplasmic reticulum

 

 

____          12.      Both plants and animals are made up of:

a.

blood

c.

fire

b.

dirt

d.

cells

 

 

 

____          13.      This scientific instrument is used to see cells:

a.

macroscope

c.

telescope

b.

microscope

d.

binoculars

 

 

____          14.      Which is part of a microscope?

a.

lense

c.

handle bar

b.

tire

d.

zipper

 

 

____          15.      What can be damaged by a virus?

a.

just plant cells

c.

hyrogen atoms only

b.

host cell

d.

just disease

 

Plant Process

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____          1.      Most carbon dioxide enters plants through stomata on the ____.

a.

lower surface of leaves

c.

tips of the stems

b.

root tips

d.

upper surface of leaves

 

 

____          2.      Light, ____, and carbon dioxide all affect the opening and closing of stomata.

a.

gravity

c.

minerals

b.

insects

d.

water

 

 

____          3.      The plant hormone that causes stomata to close and that helps plants respond to water loss is ____.

a.

cytokinin

c.

gibberellin

b.

auxin

d.

abscisic acid

 

 

____          4.      The autumn colors of tree leaves are due to ____ in the leaves.

a.

auxins

c.

pigments

b.

carbon dioxide

d.

chlorophyll

 

 

____          5.      Light energy for the plant to use in making its food is trapped by ____.

a.

carbon dioxide

c.

chlorophyll

b.

pigments

d.

water

 

 

____          6.      The type of growth response having to do with light is called ____.

a.

gravitropism

c.

phototropism

b.

photoperiodism

d.

photosynthesis

 

 

____          7.      ____ causes fruit to ripen.

a.

Auxin

c.

Chlorophyll

b.

Ethylene gas

d.

Gravity

 

 

____          8.      Plants that require short nights to flower are called ____ plants.

a.

long-day

c.

day-neutral

b.

short-day

d.

periodic

 

 

____          9.      What hormone ripens the plant?

a.

ethylene

c.

photosynthesis

b.

auxin

d.

cellular respiration

 

 

 

____          10.      What has tiny openings in the plant’s epidermis?

a.

nucleus

c.

photosynthesis

b.

stomata

d.

transpiration

 

 

____          11.      What is the formula for cellular respiration?

a.

C4+H20

c.

photosynthesis

b.

H20 = C02

d.

C6H12O6 + 6O2 ® 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy

 

 

____          12.      What is the formula for photosynthesis?

a.

C4+H20

c.

6CO2 + 6H2O + Light Energy ® C6H12O6 + 6O2

b.

H20 = C02

d.

C6H12O6 + 6O2 ® 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy

 

 

____          13.      What is the name of the waxy covering on the leaf?

a.

cuticle

c.

skin layer

b.

palisade layer

d.

muscle layer

 

 

____          14.      What opens the stomata?

a.

nucleus

c.

It is always closed

b.

It is always open

d.

guard cells

 

 

____          15.      What is chlorophyll?

a.

A cowment in leaves that make them green.

c.

A chickenfeed in leaves that make them green.

b.

A pigment in leaves that make them green.

d.

A horsemint in leaves that make them green.

 

Plants

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____          1.      Vascular plants have what type of structures?

a.

Tube like

c.

osmosis

b.

none

d.

liquid

 

 

____          2.      What type plant does not have tube like structures?

a.

nonvascular

c.

green plants

b.

vascular

d.

dead plants

 

 

____          3.      What is a chemical compound that plants make out of sugar?

a.

cell walls

c.

more complex reproduction

b.

a cuticle

d.

Cellulose

 

 

____          4.      Of the following, which is NOT a characteristics of plants?

a.

have cell walls

c.

range in height

b.

have roots

d.

live only on land

 

 

____          5.      Scientists think that plants evolved directly from ____.

a.

animals

c.

bacteria

b.

mosses

d.

green algae

 

 

 

____          6.      Which is an angiosperm?

a.

grass

c.

pines

b.

water

d.

tomato plant

 

 

____          7.      What do we call a vascular plant that flowers and produces fruit with one or more seeds.

a.

angiosperm

c.

monocot

b.

gymnosperm

d.

dicot

 

 

____          8.      Moss plants are held in place by threadlike structures called ____.

a.

dicots

c.

guard cells

b.

rhizoids

d.

vascular tissue

 

 

____          9.      The first plants to grow in new environments are usually ____.

a.

ferns and horsetails

c.

pioneer species

b.

grasses

d.

mosses and ferns

 

 

____          10.      A plant with one cotyledon is called a:

a.

dicot

c.

apricot

b.

monocot

d.

pepper plant

 

 

____          11.      A plant with two cotyledons is called:

a.

orange seed

c.

dicot

b.

tomato seed

d.

monocot

 

 

____          12.      Which is a function of a root?

a.

Anchors the tree

c.

dissolves the tree in all cases

b.

no function

d.

always kills the tree

 

 

____          13.      Which is a function of a root

a.

Colors the plant

c.

photosynthesis

b.

absorbs water and nutrients from soil

d.

chemical reactions

 

 

____          14.      _What are the three functions of leaves?

a.

gas explosions, respiration, photosynthesis

c.

gas exchange, H2O Evaporation, photosynthesis

b.

color, die, live

d.

food, energy, and scent

 

 

____          15.      What are two functions of a tree trunk?

a.

provides support and transports H2O and food

c.

provides support and transports CO3 and gas

b.

lacks support and falls down

d.

floats and smells great

 

 

Invertebrates

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____          1.      Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of animals?

a.

have eukaryotic cells

b.

digest their food

c.

make their own food

d.

have many cells with different functions

 

 

 

 

 

____          2.      About 97 percent of all animal species are ____.

a.

invertebrates

c.

vertebrates

b.

radially symmetrical

d.

asymmetrical

 

 

____          3.      A vertebrate is defined as having a ____.

a.

phylum

c.

nucleus

b.

definite shape

d.

backbone

 

 

____          4.      Earthworms grind soil in the ____.

a.

crop

c.

gizzard

b.

setae

d.

coelum

 

 

____          5.      What kind of arthropod has exactly eight legs?

a.

arachnid

c.

centipede

b.

crustacean

d.

insect

 

 

____          6.      All arthropods have an external covering called the ____.

a.

gills

c.

exoskeleton

b.

endoskeleton

d.

mantle

 

 

____          7.      In complete metamorphosis, the organism goes through ____ change(s) in body form.

a.

two

c.

four

b.

three

d.

one

 

 

____          8.      Of the following, which is NOT a stage of incomplete metamorphosis?

a.

egg

c.

nymph

b.

pupa

d.

adult

 

 

____          9.      ____ make up the largest group of arthropods.

a.

Cnidarians

c.

Insects

b.

Arachnids

d.

Cephalopods

 

 

____          10.      Which is NOT a function of the exoskeleton?

a.

helps the body to move easily

c.

supports the body

b.

protects the body

d.

keeps the body from drying out

 

 

____          11.      Which of these is NOT a characteristic of amphibians?

a.

ectotherms

c.

no scales

b.

moist skin

d.

live only on land

 

 

____          12.      Frogs hear with their ____.

a.

lining of the mouth

c.

tympanum

b.

tongue

d.

nostrils

 

 

____          13.      Reptiles breathe ____.

a.

through their skin

c.

through spiracles

b.

with lungs

d.

all of the above

 

 

____          14.      Of the following, which is NOT a characteristic of mammals?

a.

produce milk

c.

endotherms

b.

have hair

d.

have feathers

 

 

____          15.      Monotremes are unusual mammals because they ____.

a.

lay eggs

c.

have feathers

b.

live in trees

d.

have no hair

 

Animal Behavior

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____          1.      A complex pattern of innate behavior is a(n) ____.

a.

reflex

c.

insight

b.

instinct

d.

none of the above

 

 

____          2.      Konrad Lorenz discovered the concept of ____ by working with geese.

a.

instinct

c.

conditioning

b.

imprinting

d.

all of the above

 

 

____          3.      When a dog with a bone growls at another dog, it is showing ____.

a.

aggression

c.

social behavior

b.

courtship behavior

d.

none of the above

 

 

____          4.      Of the following, which is NOT a courtship behavior?

a.

birds singing

c.

frogs croaking

b.

fireflies lighting up

d.

dogs digging

 

 

____          5.      Animal communication includes ____.

a.

courtship behavior

c.

pheromones

b.

aggression

d.

all of the above

 

 

____          6.      Kittiwake chicks stand still as soon as they hatch. This is an example of ____.

a.

learned behavior

c.

social behavior

b.

innate behavior

d.

none of the above

 

 

____          7.      Which of these is NOT a reflex?

a.

yawning

c.

smiling

b.

sneezing

d.

shivering

 

 

____          8.      In Pavlov's study of dogs, he used ____ as his stimuli.

a.

saliva and a bell

c.

praise and a bell

b.

a light and a bell

d.

food and a bell

 

 

____          9.      An area that an animal defends from other members of the same species is its ____.

a.

territory

c.

niche

b.

society

d.

habitat

 

 

____          10.      When you scold your puppy for eating your shoes, she puts her head down, her tail between her legs, and then flops over on her back. What is this behavior an example of?

a.

aggression

c.

dominance

b.

submission

d.

courtship

 

 

____          11.      When male dogs urinate on a bush, they leave behind a(n) ____ that can be read by other dogs.

a.

sound

c.

pheromone

b.

visual cue

d.

none of the above

 

 

____          12.      What is the name of the powerful chemical produced by an animal to influence the

behavior of another animal of the same species?

a.

milk

c.

pheromone

b.

H2O

d.

none of the above

 

 

____          13.      What behavior occurs in repeated patterns, For instance; hibernation during the winter is an example of this?

a.

Positive behavior

c.

Cyclic behavior

b.

Reinforcement

d.

Negative behavior

 

 

____          14.      What do we call instinctive seasonal movement of animals to find food or to

reproduce in better conditions?

a.

Alienation

c.

Imagination

b.

Survival of the Fittest

d.

Migration

 

 

____          15.      This is reduced activity during a period of heat, lack of food,

or drought?

a.

Estivation

c.

Elimination

b.

Evacuation

d.

Energetic Activation

 


Animal Behavior

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

           1.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           2.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      3/1

STA:           SC.H.1.3.6

 

           3.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.F.2.3.3

 

           4.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.F.2.3.3

 

           5.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      6/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           6.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      1/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           7.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7

 

           8.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      3/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.H.1.3.6 | SC.H.2.3.1                 

 

           9.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.F.2.3.3

 

           10.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           11.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           12.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           13.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           14.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2

 

           15.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.7 | SC.G.1.3.2


Invertebrates

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

           1.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      1/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           2.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           3.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           4.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      10/3

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           5.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      11/4

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           6.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      11/4

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1 | SC.G.1.3.3

 

           7.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      11/4

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           8.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      11/4

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           9.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      11/4

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           10.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      12/4

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           11.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           12.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           13.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      7/2

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1 | SC.G.1.3.3

 

           14.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      11/4

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           15.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      13/4

STA:           SC.F.2.3.1 | SC.G.1.3.3

 

 

Plants

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

           1.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           2.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.D.1.3.4 | SC.D.1.3.5

 

           3.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      2/1

 

           4.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      1/1

 

           5.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      1/1

STA:           SC.F.2.3.4

 

           6.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           7.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           8.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      4/2

STA:           SC.G.1.3.2

 

           9.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      5/2

STA:           SC.G.1.3.2

 

           10.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      4/2

 

           11.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      4/2

 

           12.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      5/2

 

           13.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      8/3

STA:           SC.G.1.3.3

 

           14.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.4

 

           15.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      6/3

 

Plant Process

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

           1.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1

 

           2.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1

 

           3.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1

 

           4.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1

 

           5.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1

 

           6.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1

 

           7.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1

 

           8.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

 

           9.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1

 

           10.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1

 

           11.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1

 

           12.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1

 

           13.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1

 

           14.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1

 

           15.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1


Cells 2007

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

           1.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      3/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.4

 

           2.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.4

 

           3.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      1/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.6

 

           4.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      1/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.2

 

           5.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      4/2

 

           6.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      3/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.4

 

           7.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's I      OBJ:      2/1

STA:           SC.F.1.3.1

 

           8.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1      DIF:      Webb's II      OBJ:      8/3

 

           9.      ANS:      C      PTS:      1

 

           10.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1

 

           11.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

 

           12.      ANS:      D      PTS:      1

 

           13.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1

 

           14.      ANS:      A      PTS:      1

 

           15.      ANS:      B      PTS:      1